Production of lightweight aggregate from industrial waste and carbon dioxide
Gunning, Peter J., Hills, Colin D. and Carey, Paula J. (2009) Production of lightweight aggregate from industrial waste and carbon dioxide. Waste Management, 29 (10). pp. 2722-2728. ISSN 0956-053X (doi:10.1016/j.wasman.2009.05.021)Full text not available from this repository.
The concomitant recycling of waste and carbon dioxide emissions is the subject of developing technology designed to close the industrial process loop and facilitate the bulk-re-use of waste in, for example, construction. The present work discusses a treatment step that employs accelerated carbonation to convert gaseous carbon dioxide into solid calcium carbonate through a reaction with industrial thermal residues. Treatment by accelerated carbonation enabled a synthetic aggregate to be made from thermal residues and waste quarry fines. The aggregates produced had a bulk density below 1000 kg/m3 and a high water absorption capacity. Aggregate crushing strengths were between 30% and 90% stronger than the proprietary lightweight expanded clay aggregate available in the UK. Cast concrete blocks containing the carbonated aggregate achieve compressive strengths of 24 MPa, making them suitable for use with concrete exposed to non-aggressive service environments. The energy intensive firing and sintering processes traditionally required to produce lightweight aggregates can now be augmented by a cold-bonding, low energy method that contributes to the reduction of green house gases to the atmosphere.
|Additional Information:|| First available online: 4 July 2009.  First published in print: October 2009.  Published in Waste Management, (2009), Volume 29, Issue 10, pp. 2722–2728.|
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||atmosphere, biomass, chemical analysis, chemical reaction, recycling|
|Subjects:||T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering|
|Faculty / Department / Research Groups:||Faculty of Engineering & Science > Department of Pharmaceutical, Chemical & Environmental Sciences|
|Last Modified:||08 Dec 2016 15:19|
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