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Climate change in semi-arid Malawi: perceptions, adaptation strategies and water governance: original research

Climate change in semi-arid Malawi: perceptions, adaptation strategies and water governance: original research

Joshua, Miriam K., Ngongondo, Cosmo, Monjerezi, Maurice, Chipungu, Fellistus, Liwenga, Emma, Majule, Amos, Stathers, Tanya and Lamboll, Richard (2016) Climate change in semi-arid Malawi: perceptions, adaptation strategies and water governance: original research. Jàmbá: Journal of Disaster Risk Studies, 8 (3). pp. 1-10. ISSN 1996-1421 (Print), 2072-845X (Online) (doi:10.4102/jamba.v8i3.255)

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Abstract

Climate change and variability are a threat to sustainable agricultural production in semi-arid areas of Malawi. Overdependence on subsistence rain-fed agriculture in these areas calls for the identification of sustainable adaptation strategies. A study was therefore conducted in Chikwawa, a semi-arid district in southern Malawi, to: (1) assess community's perception of a changing climate against empirical evidence, (2) determine their local adaptive measures, (3) evaluate the potential of irrigated agriculture as an adaptive measure in household food security and (4) challenges over access to available water resources. The study employed focus group discussions and key informant interviews to assess people's perceptions of climate change and variability and their desired interventions. To validate the people's perceptions, rainfall and temperature data for the period 1960-2010 were analysed. A participatory complete randomised experimental design in both rain-fed and dry season-irrigated conditions was conducted to assess a maize cropping system that would improve adaptation. The study established persistent declining yields from rain-fed production in part because of perennial rainfall failure. In response, the community has shifted its focus to irrigation as an adaptation strategy, which has in turn triggered water conflicts in the community over the control of the resource. Water legislation however fails to adequately provide for rules governing sharing of water resources between various stakeholders. This article therefore recommends development of an appropriate institutional framework that forms a strong basis for equitable distribution of water for irrigation in areas most vulnerable to extreme climate events - including droughts and floods.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright: © 2016. The Authors. Licensee: AOSIS. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Food security; Climate change and variability; Rainfall variability; Irrigation; Water resources; Governance crisis
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute > Livelihoods & Institutions Department
Last Modified: 19 May 2017 11:53
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: GREAT b
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/16948

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