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Associations between shooting performance and challenge and threat

Associations between shooting performance and challenge and threat

Rossato, Claire, Uphill, Mark, Coleman, Damian and Swain, Jon (2014) Associations between shooting performance and challenge and threat. In: The 5th International Conference in Sport and Exercise Science. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Purpose of Study: Several studies have examined challenge and threat via specific cardiovascular parameters in relation to sporting performance. However, limited evidence exists that utilises self-report measures of challenge and threat and the impact upon sport performance. The aim of this study was to examine self-report of challenge and threat and its association with shooting performance.

Methodology: One hundred and two participants (Mean age=26.82, SD=10.01) were recruited for the study. A quasi-experimental study was implemented to explore the association between self-report measures of challenge and threat and its relationship with shooting performance. Cardiovascular (CV) parameters recorded during the experiment included cardiac output and total peripheral resistance due to their association with challenge and threat.

Results: There was a significant proportion of variance accounted for by challenge and shooting performance (R²=.42, p<0.05). As challenge report increased, shooting performance decreased (ß=-.204, p<0.05). Moreover, when challenge and threat patterns were examined, the analysis indicated that moderate challenge/low threat had a more facilitative performance in the shooting task (Mean=7.96, SD=1.49) compared to all of the other combinations of challenge and threat patterns. In regard to CV measures, there was no significant associations observed between challenge and threat or shooting performance (p<0.05).

Discussion and Conclusion: Higher levels of challenge are not ideal when completing a discrete motor skill task, such as shooting. These findings appear to suggest that a combination of moderate challenge and low threat may elicit a facilitative performance in regards to a discrete motor skill.

Item Type: Conference or Conference Paper (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Challenge; Threat; Sport; Appraisal; Stress
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Centre for Science and Medicine in Sport and Exercise
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Department of Life & Sports Sciences
Last Modified: 22 Apr 2017 00:45
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/16394

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