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A lower-limb training program to improve balance in healthy elderly women using the T-Bow® Device

A lower-limb training program to improve balance in healthy elderly women using the T-Bow® Device

Chulvi-Medrano, Iván, Colado, Juan C., Pablos, Carlos, Naclerio, Fernando ORCID: 0000-0001-7405-4894 and García-Massó, Xavier (2009) A lower-limb training program to improve balance in healthy elderly women using the T-Bow® Device. The Physician and Sportsmedicine, 37 (2). pp. 127-135. ISSN 0091-3847 (doi:10.3810/psm.2009.06.1719)

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Abstract

Ageing impairs balance, which increases the risk of falls. Fall-related injuries are a serious health problem associated with dependency and disability in the elderly and results in high costs to public health systems. This study aims to determine the effects of a training program to develop balance using a new device called the T-Bow®. A total of 28 women > 65 years were randomly assigned to an experimental group (EG) (n = 18; 69.50 [0.99] years), or a control group (CG) (n = 10; 70.70 [2.18] years). A program for lower limbs was applied for 8 weeks using 5 exercises on the T-Bow®: squat, lateral and frontal swings, lunges, and plantarflexions. The intensity of the exercises was controlled by time of exposure, support base, and ratings of perceived exertion. Clinical tests were used to evaluate variables of balance. Static balance was measured by a 1-leg balance test (unipedal stance test), dynamic balance was measured by the 8-foot-up-and-go test, and overall balance was measured using the Tinetti test. Results for the EG showed an increase of 35.2% in static balance (P < 0.005), 12.7% in dynamic balance (P < 0.005), and 5.9% in overall balance (P > 0.05). Results for the CG showed a decline of 5.79% in static balance (P > 0.05) but no change in the other balance variables. Thus the data suggest that implementing a training program using the T-Bow® could improve balance in healthy older women.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Falls; Geriatrics; Physical exercise; Swimming; Instability
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Department of Life & Sports Sciences
Last Modified: 22 Feb 2017 17:21
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/16333

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