Skip navigation

Physical activity and obesity among Year 7 children in Kent, U.K: Gender, social background, reasons for being active and implications for school health promotion

Physical activity and obesity among Year 7 children in Kent, U.K: Gender, social background, reasons for being active and implications for school health promotion

Izaki, Tokie and Swaine, Ian (2017) Physical activity and obesity among Year 7 children in Kent, U.K: Gender, social background, reasons for being active and implications for school health promotion. International Journal of Health Promotion and Education, 55 (4). pp. 189-204. ISSN 1463-5240 (Print), 2164-9545 (Online) (doi:10.1080/14635240.2017.1308263)

[img]
Preview
PDF (Author Accepted Manuscript)
16312 SWAINE_Physical_Activity_and_Obesity_2017.pdf - Accepted Version

Download (694kB) | Preview
[img] PDF (Email of Probable Acceptance)
16312 SWAINE_Probable_Acceptance_Email_2017.pdf - Additional Metadata
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (208kB)

Abstract

Aims
This study explored to what extent level of physical activity (PA) and obesity are associated with gender and socio-economic status (SES) among Year 7 children. Furthermore, we wanted to gain insight into the most common reasons for being physically active in these children.

Methods
678 children were recruited from five secondary schools in Kent, U.K (Boys=397, Girls=281). The mean age was 11.34. To gather information on pattern and psychosocial variables of PA, children were asked to fill in the questionnaire which was adapted from the Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children (HBSC) survey. Anthropometric measures of children’s weight, height and skinfold thickness were obtained. Considering PA pattern, adiposity level and psychosocial variables, differences and correlations were explored in Gender and SES groups.

Results
This study confirmed the difference in both levels and types of PA between boys and girls. There were no significant differences in PA patterns among SES groups, apart from the membership of sports club. Significant correlation was found between PA and encouragement from both parents and friends. The difference in gender groups in importance for the following was found; building up strength, taking part in competitions and win, improving my physical skills and pleasing their family, while in SES groups; taking part in competition and win and pleasing my family. Correlations between PA and the following were found to be significant; becoming healthy, building up strength, enjoying myself and have fun, being part of a team, making new friends.

Conclusions
Gender has strong associations with PA patterns; levels and types of PA, as well as importance of reasons for PA. This gender difference should be considered in the school settings. Encouragement from parents and friends is also a good facilitator. Especially, friends are important. Becoming healthy, enjoying themselves and having fun and improving physical skills were found to be important for children. These aspects should be generated when it comes to promotion of PA among school children.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Physical activity; Obesity; Children; Gender; Socioeconomic status (SES)
Subjects: Q Science > QP Physiology
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Centre for Science and Medicine in Sport and Exercise
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Department of Life & Sports Sciences
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 13 Apr 2018 00:38
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/16312

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics