Thermoelectric MHD effects on equiaxed crystal morphology
Kao, Andrew, Pericleous, Koulis A., Patel, Mayur and Voller, V. (2009) Thermoelectric MHD effects on equiaxed crystal morphology. In: 6th International Conference on Electromagnetic Processing of Materials, EPM 2009. Forschungszentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Dresden, Germany. ISBN Forschungszentrum Dresden-RossendorfFull text not available from this repository.
The effects of a constant uniform magnetic field on a growing equiaxed crystal are investigated using a 3-dimensional enthalpy based numerical model. Two cases are considered: The first case looks at unconstrained growth, where the current density is generated through the thermo-electric effect and the current circulates between the tips and roots of the dendrite, the second represents an imposed potential difference across the domain. A jump in the electrical conductivity between the liquid and solid causes the current density to be non uniform. In both cases the resulting Lorentz force drives fluid flow in the liquid phase, this in turn causes advection of the thermal and solute field altering the free energy close to the interface and changing the morphology of the dendrite. In the first case the flow field is complex comprising of many circulations, the morphological changes are modelled using a 2D model with a quasi 3D approximation. The second case is comparable to classic problems involving a constant velocity boundary.
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