A unified 3D model of the VAR process
Pericleous, Koulis A., Djambazov, Georgi, Bojarevics, Valdis and Ward, R.M. (2009) A unified 3D model of the VAR process. In: Lee, Peter D., Mitchell, Alec and Williamson, Rod, (eds.) International Symposium on Liquid Metal Processing and Casting - LMPC 2009. The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society, Warrendale, Pennsylvania, USA, pp. 21-28. ISBN 978-0-87339-743-8Full text not available from this repository.
A 3D time-dependent model of the VAR process has been developed using CFD techniques. The model solves the coupled field equations for fluid flow, heat transfer (including phase change) and electromagnetic field, for both the electrode and the ingot. The motion of the electic arc 'preferred spot' can be specified based on observations. Correlations are sought between the local gap height, resulting from instantaneous liquid pool surface shape and electrode tip shape, and the arc motion. The detailed behaviour of the melting film on the electrode tip is studies using a spectral free surface technique, which allows investigation of the drops' detachment and drip shorts.
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