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Probing competitive interactions in quaternary formulations

Probing competitive interactions in quaternary formulations

Mansour, Omar T., Cattoz, Beatrice N., Heenan, Richard K., King, Stephen M. and Griffiths, Peter (2015) Probing competitive interactions in quaternary formulations. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 454. pp. 35-43. ISSN 0021-9797 (Print), 1095-7103 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.jcis.2015.04.068)

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Abstract

Hypothesis

The interaction of amphiphilic block copolymers of the poly(ethylene oxide)–poly(propylene oxide)–poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO–PPO–PEO) group with small molecule surfactants may be “tuned” by the presence of selected alcohols, with strong interactions leading to substantial changes in (mixed) micelle morphology, whilst weaker interactions lead to coexisting micelle types.

Experiments

The nature and the strength of the interactions between Pluronic P123 (EO20PO70EO20) and small molecule surfactants (anionic sodium dodecylsulfate, SDS, C12SO4Na), (cationic dodecyltrimethylammonium bromide, C12TAB) and (non-ionic polyoxyethylene(23)lauryl ether, Brij 35, C12EO23OH) is expected to depend on the partitioning of the short, medium and long chain alcohols (ethanol, hexanol and decanol respectively) and was probed using tensiometry, pulsed-gradient spin-echo nuclear magnetic resonance (PGSE-NMR) and small-angle neutron scattering (SANS).

Findings

The SANS data for aqueous P123 solutions with added alcohols were well described by a charged spherical core/shell model for the micelle morphology. The addition of the surfactants led to significantly smaller, oblate elliptical mixed micelles in the absence of alcohols. Addition of ethanol to these systems led to a decrease in the micelle size, whereas larger micelles were observed upon addition of the longer chain alcohols. NMR studies provided complementary estimates of the micelle composition, and the partitioning of the various components into the micelle.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Colloid science
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science > Department of Pharmaceutical, Chemical & Environmental Sciences
Last Modified: 01 Oct 2017 00:38
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/14254

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