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Holistic facial composite construction and subsequent lineup identification accuracy: Comparing adults and children

Holistic facial composite construction and subsequent lineup identification accuracy: Comparing adults and children

Davis, Josh P, Thorniley, Sarah, Gibson, Stuart and Solomon, Chris (2016) Holistic facial composite construction and subsequent lineup identification accuracy: Comparing adults and children. Journal of Psychology, 150 (1). pp. 102-118. ISSN 0022-3980 (Print), 1940-1019 (Online) (doi:10.1080/00223980.2015.1009867)

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Abstract

When the police have no suspect, they may ask an eyewitness to construct a facial composite of that suspect from memory. Faces are primarily processed holistically, and recently developed computerised holistic facial composite systems (e.g., EFIT-V) have been designed to match these processes. The reported research compared children aged 6–11 years with adults on their ability to construct a recognisable EFIT-V composite. Adult constructor’s EFIT-Vs received significantly higher composite-suspect likeness ratings from assessors than children’s, although there were some notable exceptions. In comparison to adults, the child constructors also overestimated the composite-suspect likeness of their own EFIT-Vs. In a second phase, there were no differences between adult controls and constructors in correct identification rates from video lineups. However, correct suspect identification rates by child constructors were lower than those of child controls, suggesting that a child’s memory for the suspect can be adversely influenced by composite construction. Nevertheless, all child constructors coped with the demands of the EFIT-V system, and the implications for research, theory and the criminal justice system practice are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Eyewitness identification, child witnesses, holistic facial composite, FIT-V, video lineup
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Education & Health
Faculty of Education & Health > Applied Psychology Research Group
Faculty of Education & Health > Department of Psychology, Social Work & Counselling
Last Modified: 31 Jul 2017 11:52
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: GREAT b
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/13003

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