Extended model of pedestrian escalator behaviour based on data collected within a Chinese underground station
Kinsey, Michael J., Galea, Edwin R. and Lawrence, Peter (2009) Extended model of pedestrian escalator behaviour based on data collected within a Chinese underground station. 4th International Symposium on Human Behaviour in Fire 2009: Conference Proceedings. Interscience Communications Ltd, London, UK, pp. 173-182. ISBN 978-0-9556548-3-1Full text not available from this repository.
This paper presents data relating to pedestrian escalator behaviour collected in an underground station in Shanghai, China. While data was not collected under emergency or simulated emergency conditions, it is argued that the data collected under rush-hour conditions - where commuters are under time pressures to get to work on time - may be used to approximate emergency evacuation conditions - where commuters are also under time pressures to exit the building as quickly as possible. Data pertaining to escalator/stair choice, proportion of walkers to riders, walker speeds and side usage are presented. The collected data is used to refine the buildingEXODUS escalator model allowing the agents to select whether to use an escalator or neighbouring parallel stair based on congestion conditiions at the base of the stair/escalator and expected travel times. The new model, together with the collected data, is used to simulate a series of hypothetical evacuation scenarios to demonstrate the impact of escalators on evacuation performance.
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