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Investigating the use of elevators for high-rise building evacuation through computer simulation

Investigating the use of elevators for high-rise building evacuation through computer simulation

Kinsey, Michael J., Galea, Edwin R. and Lawrence, Peter (2009) Investigating the use of elevators for high-rise building evacuation through computer simulation. 4th International Symposium on Human Behaviour in Fire 2009: Conference Proceedings. Interscience Communications Ltd., London, UK, pp. 85-96. ISBN 978-0-9556548-3-1

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Abstract

This paper presents a description of a new agent based elevator sub-model developed as part of the buildingEXODUS software intended for both evacuation and circulation applications. A description of each component of the newly developed model is presented, including the elevator kinematics and associated pedestrian behaviour. The elevator model is then used to investigate a series of full building evacuation scenarios based on a hypothetical 50 floor building with four staircases and a population of 7,840 agents. The analysis explores the relative merits of using up to 32 elevators (arranged in four banks) and various egress strategies to evacuate the entire building population. Findings from the investigation suggest that the most efficient evacuation strategy utilises a combination of elevators and stairs to empty the building and clear the upper half of the building in minimum time. Combined stair elevator evacuation times have been shown to be as much as 50% faster than stair only evacuation times.

Item Type: Book Section
Additional Information: This paper forms part of the Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Human Behaviour in Fire, held 13-15 July 2009, at Robinson College, Cambridge, UK.
Uncontrolled Keywords: high-rise building evacuation, computer simulation, buildingEXODUS, egress strategy
Subjects: T Technology > TH Building construction
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA76 Computer software
Pre-2014 Departments: School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences > Centre for Numerical Modelling & Process Analysis
School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences
School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences > Department of Mathematical Sciences
School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences > Centre for Numerical Modelling & Process Analysis > Fire Safety Engineering Group
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 14 Oct 2016 09:03
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/1293

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