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Sanitary and veterinary hygiene requirements for imports of fish and fishery products into Russia—the tensions between regional integration and globalisation

Sanitary and veterinary hygiene requirements for imports of fish and fishery products into Russia—the tensions between regional integration and globalisation

Kireeva, Irina and Black, Robert ORCID: 0000-0001-6596-882X (2014) Sanitary and veterinary hygiene requirements for imports of fish and fishery products into Russia—the tensions between regional integration and globalisation. ERA Forum, 15 (4). pp. 495-518. ISSN 1612-3093 (Print), 1863-9038 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s12027-014-0362-z)

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Abstract

The article provides an overview of the major issues in relation to the sanitary and veterinary hygiene requirements for the importation of fish and fishery products into the Russian Federation. The regional trade implications of Russia’s membership of the World Trade Organisation and of the Customs Union with Belarus and Kazakhstan, will also be considered. Russia, Kazakhstan and Belarus would benefit from the harmonisation of sanitary and phytosanitary as well as technical barriers to trade measures and a lot of work in that respect has been done during the past few years. However, all three countries still use the system of state mandatory standards (the so-called “GOST”—to use the Russian abbreviation) and transition to international standards would facilitate trade and increase private sector participation. The impressive recovery of production in Russia is notable, but at the same time further growth depends increasingly on product safety, quality and diversification of production. It is evident that the traditional approach to risk management and “GOST”-based systems (including sanitary regulations or “SanPin” from the Russian for “sanitary rules”) of the Russian Federation impose serious constraints on the competitiveness of production as matters regarding food safety, animal and plant health outcomes are not satisfactory. Consequently, sanitary and phytosanitary measures not based on risk assessment and science may become barriers to trade, as is illustrated by the case studies on the fisheries sector presented here.

Out of intense complexities intense simplicities emerge.

Winston Churchill (1874–1965)
The World Crisis

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This contribution is based on a presentation given at the Annual Conference on European Food Law 2014, organised by ERA on 5–6 May 2014 in Trier.
Uncontrolled Keywords: food safety, sanitary and veterinary hygiene requirements, fish and fishery products, imports to the Russian Federation
Subjects: K Law > K Law (General)
S Agriculture > SH Aquaculture. Fisheries. Angling
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute
Last Modified: 17 Oct 2016 08:51
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/12884

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