Skip navigation

Sugars increase non-heme iron bioavailability in human epithelial intestinal and liver cells

Sugars increase non-heme iron bioavailability in human epithelial intestinal and liver cells

Christides, Tatiana and Sharp, Paul (2013) Sugars increase non-heme iron bioavailability in human epithelial intestinal and liver cells. PLoS ONE, 8 (12):e83031. ISSN 1932-6203 (Print), 1932-6203 (Online) (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0083031)

[img]
Preview
PDF (Publisher PDF)
12350_Christides_Sugars_increase_non_heme_iron_(pub._PDF_OA)_2013.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (547kB)

Abstract

Previous studies have suggested that sugars enhance iron bioavailability, possibly through either chelation or altering the oxidation state of the metal, however, results have been inconclusive. Sugar intake in the last 20 years has increased dramatically, and iron status disorders are significant public health problems worldwide; therefore understanding the nutritional implications of iron-sugar interactions is particularly relevant. In this study we measured the effects of sugars on non-heme iron bioavailability in human intestinal Caco-2 cells and HepG2 hepatoma cells using ferritin formation as a surrogate marker for iron uptake. The effect of sugars on iron oxidation state was examined by measuring ferrous iron formation in different sugar-iron solutions with a ferrozine-based assay. Fructose significantly increased iron-induced ferritin formation in both Caco-2 and HepG2 cells. In addition, high-fructose corn syrup (HFCS-55) increased Caco-2 cell iron-induced ferritin; these effects were negated by the addition of either tannic acid or phytic acid. Fructose combined with FeCl3 increased ferrozine-chelatable ferrous iron levels by approximately 300%. In conclusion, fructose increases iron bioavailability in human intestinal Caco-2 and HepG2 cells. Given the large amount of simple and rapidly digestible sugars in the modern diet their effects on iron bioavailability may have important patho-physiological consequences. Further studies are warranted to characterize these interactions.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Caco-2 cells, Iron, Fructose, Bioavailability,
Subjects: Q Science > QP Physiology
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Pre-2014 Departments: School of Science
Last Modified: 28 Apr 2017 17:35
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: GREAT a
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/12350

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics