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Non-farm employment in small-scale enterprises in Romania: Policy and development issues

Non-farm employment in small-scale enterprises in Romania: Policy and development issues

Davis, Junior and Gaburici, Angela (2001) Non-farm employment in small-scale enterprises in Romania: Policy and development issues. [Working Paper]

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Abstract

The aim of this paper is to bring together information that we have collected about MSMEs in Romania and to examine their impact on the development of sustainable rural livelihoods. As these firms operate in fixed locations and are therefore more easily located and observed, most of the data presented is based on our survey of 74 firms in Brasov and Dolj counties of Romania. This data is complemented with information about unregistered gathering, hawking, and handicraft activities collected through our qualitative social development studies in the same counties. Both categories of information document the situation at a particular point in time and can provide insights into the functioning of enterprises, but not on the dynamics of change. There are however, some initial complications in understanding the operation of small non-farm firms. On the one hand, for many of those involved in rural non-farm enterprise activities, there is no difference between activities to meet their subsistence needs and producing for the market. Thus, they sell what is surplus to their needs or in response to the opportunity selling provides to generate additional cash income. On the other hand, many of the registered rural non-farm firms are commercially oriented and operate in a competitive market. In the next section we outline the existing types of firms and research methodology. Afterwards, we consider the activity profile, structure and potential for rural non-farm micro-enterprise development in Romania.

Item Type: Working Paper
Uncontrolled Keywords: non-farm, employment, small-scale, enterprise, Romania, policy, development, sustainability, rural, livelihoods
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute > Food & Markets Department
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 14 Jun 2016 11:48
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/11640

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