Predicting toxic species concentrations in a full-scale vitiated fire
Wang, Zhaozhi, Jia, Fuchen, Galea, Edwin R. and Patel, Mayur (2007) Predicting toxic species concentrations in a full-scale vitiated fire. In: Interflam 2007 11th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interflam, 2 . Interscience Communications Ltd, London, pp. 1047-1058. ISBN 9780954121693Full text not available from this repository.
A toxicity model on dividing the computational domain into two parts, a control region (CR) and a transport region (TR), for species calculation was recently developed. The model can be incorporated with either the heat source approach or the eddy dissipation model (EDM). The work described in this paper is a further application of the toxicity model with modifications of the EDM for vitiated fires. In the modified EDM, chemical reaction only occurs within the CR. This is consistent with the approach used in the species concentration calculations within the toxicity model in which yields of combustion products only change within the CR. A vitiated large room-corridor fire, in which the carbon monoxide (CM) concentrations are very high and the temperatures are relatively low at locations distant from the original fire source, is simulated using the modified EDM coupled with the toxicity model. Compared with the EDM, the modified EDM provide significant improvements in the predictions of temperatures at remote locations. Predictions of species concentrations at various locations follow the measured trends. Good agreements between the measured and predicted species concentrations are obtained at the vitiated fire stage.
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