Assessment of the impact of computed and measured fire environments on building evacuation using bench and real scale test data
Robinson, J.E., Hull, T.R., Lebek, K., Stec, A.A., Galea, Edwin R., Mahalingam, Arun, Jia, Fuchen, Patel, Mayur and Persson, H. (2007) Assessment of the impact of computed and measured fire environments on building evacuation using bench and real scale test data. Interflam 2007 11th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications, Greenwich, pp. 873-884. ISBN 9780954121693Full text not available from this repository.
This study investigates the use of computer modelled versus directly experimentally determined fire hazard data for assessing survivability within buildings using evacuation models incorporating Fractionally Effective Dose (FED) models. The objective is to establish a link between effluent toxicity, measured using a variety of small and large scale tests, and building evacuation. For the scenarios under consideration, fire simulation is typically used to determine the time non-survivable conditions develop within the enclosure, for example, when smoke or toxic effluent falls below a critical height which is deemed detrimental to evacuation or when the radiative fluxes reach a critical value leading to the onset of flashover. The evacuation calculation would the be used to determine whether people within the structure could evacuate before these critical conditions develop.
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