Comparative wetting behavior of Sn-0.7Cu and Sn-0.7Cu-0.3Ni solders on Cu and Ni substrates
Rizvi, M.J., Bailey, Christopher, Chan, Y.C. and Lu, Hua (2006) Comparative wetting behavior of Sn-0.7Cu and Sn-0.7Cu-0.3Ni solders on Cu and Ni substrates. In: 1st Electronics Systemintegration Technology Conference. Dresden, Saxony, Germany. 2006 proceedings. IEEE, Piscataway, NJ, USA, pp. 145-151. ISBN 142440553XFull text not available from this repository.
Electronic packaging industries are now in great challenge to find a suitable lead-free solder as an interconnection material to replace the conventional SnPb solders. Many solders such as SnCu, SnAg, SnAgCu, SnZn, SnBi have already been proposed as the replacement but none of them has reached the physical and metallurgical properties similar to the SnPb solder. However, wetting is one of the basic problems that make the lead-free solder inferior as compared to the SnPb solder. Therefore, alloying with the help of third, fourth or fifth element is the researchers' interest to improve the wetting behavior of lead-free solders. This paper describes the comparative wetting behavior of Sn-0.7Cu and Sn-0.7Cu-0.3Ni solders on Cu and Ni substrates. Wetting balance tests were performed to assess the wetting behaviors. Three different commercial fluxes namely no-clean (NC), non-activated (R) and water soluble organic acid (WS)fluxes were used to assess the wettability for three solder bath temperatures. It was found that Sn0.7Cu-03Ni solder exhibits better wettability on Cu substrate for NC and WS fluxes whereas reverse results were found for R-type flux. In the case of Ni substrate, Sn-0.7Cu-0.3Ni solder showed better wetting behavior compared to the well-known Sn-0.7Cu solder. Among the three fluxes, R-type flux showed the worst performance. Very large contact angles were documented for both solders with this flux. Higher solder bath temperature lowered the contact angles, increased the wetting forces and enhanced the wettability. Computer modeling of wetting balance test revealed that both the wetting force and meniscus height are inversely proportional to the contact angles. Modeling results also reveal that increase in solder bath depths and radiuses do not affect significantly on the wetting behavior.
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