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African cassava whitefly, Bemisia tabaci, resistance in African and South American cassava genotypes

African cassava whitefly, Bemisia tabaci, resistance in African and South American cassava genotypes

Omongo, Christopher A., Kawuki, Robert, Bellotti, Antony C., Alicai, Titus, Baguma, Yona, Maruthi, M.N., Bua, Anton and Colvin, John (2012) African cassava whitefly, Bemisia tabaci, resistance in African and South American cassava genotypes. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 11 (2). pp. 327-336. ISSN 2095-3119 (doi:10.1016/S2095-3119(12)60017-3)

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Abstract

The whitefly, Bemisia tabaci, is a major pest of cassava, particularly in Africa where it is responsible both for the transmission of plant viruses and, increasingly, for direct damage due to feeding by high populations. To date, there have been no practical solutions to combat this emerging problem, due to the inability of the subsistence farmers that grow cassava to afford expensive inputs such as insecticides. A programme of research was carried out linking institutes in Africa, the UK and South America, to identify possible resistance sources in cassava to the whitefly, Bemisia tabaci. The South American genotype MEcu 72 and several Ugandan cassava landraces including Ofumba Chai, Nabwire 1 and Mercury showed good levels of resistance to B. tabaci. Field and screen-house experiments showed that all of the improved, high-yielding cassava mosaic disease (CMD) resistant cassava genotypes assessed were highly susceptible to B. tabaci and supported high populations of all life stages. These data support the hypothesis that the continuing high populations of cassava B. tabaci in Uganda are due, in part, to the widespread adoption of CMD-resistant cassava varieties during the CMD pandemic. They also show that the whitefly, Aleurotrachelus socialis, resistance present in the South American cassava genotypes could have broader applicability in the Old World.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: [1] The Journal of Integrative Agriculture is an official publication of the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS).
Uncontrolled Keywords: whitefly resistance, cassava, direct pest, Africa, South America
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
S Agriculture > SB Plant culture
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 11 Sep 2014 12:04
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/10019

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