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A trajectory-based approach to understand the factors associated with persistent depressive symptoms in primary care

A trajectory-based approach to understand the factors associated with persistent depressive symptoms in primary care

Gunn, Jane, Elliot, Peter, Densley, Konstancja, Middleton, Aves, Ambresin, Gilles, Dowrick, Christopher, Herrman, Helen, Hegarty, Kelsey, Gilchrist, Gail and Griffiths, Frances (2013) A trajectory-based approach to understand the factors associated with persistent depressive symptoms in primary care. Journal of Affective Disorders, 148 (2). pp. 338-346. ISSN 0165-0327 (doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2012.12.021)

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Abstract

Background:
Depression screening in primary care yields high numbers. Knowledge of how depressive symptoms change over time is limited, making decisions about type, intensity, frequency and length of treatment and follow-up difficult. This study is aimed to identify depressive symptom trajectories and associated socio–demographic, co-morbidity, health service use and treatment factors to inform clinical care.
Methods:
789 people scoring 16 or more on the CES-D recruited from 30 randomly selected Australian family practices. Depressive symptoms are measured using PHQ-9 at 3, 6, 9 and 12 months.
Results:
Growth mixture modelling identified a five-class trajectory model as the best fitting (lowest Bayesian Information Criterion): three groups were static (mild (n=532), moderate (n=138) and severe (n=69)) and two were dynamic (decreasing severity (n=32) and increasing severity (n=18)). The mild symptom trajectory was the most common (n=532). The severe symptom trajectory group (n=69) differed significantly from the mild symptom trajectory group on most variables. The severe and moderate groups were characterised by high levels of disadvantage, abuse, morbidity and disability. Decreasing and increasing severity trajectory classes were similar on most variables.
Limitations:
Adult only cohort, self-report measures.
Conclusions:
Most symptom trajectories remained static, suggesting that depression, as it presents in primary care, is not always an episodic disorder. The findings indicate future directions for building prognostic models to distinguish those who are likely to have a mild course from those who are likely to follow more severe trajectories. Determining appropriate clinical responses based upon a likely depression course requires further research.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: [1] First published online: 1 February 2013. [2] Published in print: June 2013. [3] Published as: Journal of Affective Disorders, (2013), Vol. 148, (2), pp. 338-346. [3] The Journal of Affective Disorders is the official journal of the International Society for Affective Disorders.
Uncontrolled Keywords: depression, trajectories, adults, growth mixture model, primary care, longitudinal
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Pre-2014 Departments: School of Health & Social Care
School of Health & Social Care > Centre for Applied Social Research
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 14 Oct 2016 09:24
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/9851

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