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Mechanisms underlying skilled anticipation and recognition in a dynamic and temporally constrained domain

Mechanisms underlying skilled anticipation and recognition in a dynamic and temporally constrained domain

North, Jamie S., Ward, Paul, Ericsson, Anders and Williams, A. Mark (2011) Mechanisms underlying skilled anticipation and recognition in a dynamic and temporally constrained domain. Memory, 19 (2). pp. 155-168. ISSN 0965-8211 (Print), 1464-0686 (Online) (doi:https://doi.org/10.1080/09658211.2010.541466)

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Abstract

We examined the mechanisms underlying skilled anticipation and recognition in a dynamic, interactive, and temporally constrained domain. Skilled and less-skilled participants viewed dynamic film stimuli, anticipated event outcome, and provided immediate retrospective verbal reports. Previously viewed and novel sequences were then presented in film or point-light display format. Participants made recognition judgements and again gave retrospective verbal reports on their thought processes. Skilled participants demonstrated superior anticipation accuracy and were more sensitive in distinguishing previously seen from novel stimuli than less-skilled participants. Skilled participants utilised more complex memory representations than less-skilled individuals, as indicated by references in their retrospective reports to more evaluation and prediction statements. The representations activated during anticipation were more complex than those for recognition judgements in both groups. Findings are discussed with reference to long-term working memory theory.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: [1] Published online: 02 Feb 2011. Published in Memory, Volume 19, Issue 2, 2011.
Uncontrolled Keywords: perceptual-cognitive expertise, point-light displays, verbal reports
Subjects: Q Science > QM Human anatomy
Q Science > QP Physiology
Pre-2014 Departments: School of Science
School of Science > Centre for Sports Sciences & Human Performance
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 14 Oct 2016 09:23
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/9539

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