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Emergency response systems for disaster management in buildings

Emergency response systems for disaster management in buildings

Filippoupolitis, Avgoustinos, Loukas, George, Timotheou, Stelios, Dimakis, Nikolaos and Gelenbe, Erol (2009) Emergency response systems for disaster management in buildings. In: C3I for Crisis, Emergency and Consequence Management: Papers presented at the Information Systems and Technology Panel (IST) Symposium held in Bucharest, Romania, 11 May to 12 May 2009. North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Research and Technology Organization (RTO), Brussels, Belgium, pp. 15-1. ISBN 9789283700852

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Abstract

Emergency response operations can benefit from the use of information systems that reduce decision making time and facilitate co-ordination between the participating units. We propose the use of two such systems and evaluate them with a specialised software platform that we have developed for simulation of disasters in buildings. The first system provides movement decision support to evacuees by directing them through the shortest or less hazardous routes to the exit. It is composed of a network of decision nodes and sensor nodes, positioned at specific locations inside the building. The recommendations of the decision nodes are computed in a distributed manner and communicated to the evacuees or rescue personnel in their vicinity. The second system uses wireless-equipped robots that move inside a disaster area and establish a network for two-way communication between trapped civilians and rescuers. They are autonomous and their goal is to maximise the number of civilians connected to the network. We evaluate both proposed information systems in various emergency scenarios, using the specialised simulation software that we developed.

Item Type: Conference Proceedings
Title of Proceedings: C3I for Crisis, Emergency and Consequence Management: Papers presented at the Information Systems and Technology Panel (IST) Symposium held in Bucharest, Romania, 11 May to 12 May 2009.
Additional Information: [1] This paper was presented as Paper 15 at the Information Systems and Technology Panel (IST) Symposium on C3I for Crisis, Emergency and Consequence Management held in Bucharest, Roumania from 11-12 May 2009. [2] Activity Reference: IST-076 [3] Originator's Reference/Scientific Report: RTO-MP-IST-086 AC/323(IST-086)TP/264 [4] RTO Meeting Proceedings MP-IST-086 [5] This research was undertaken as part of the ALADDIN (Autonomous Learning Agents for Decentralised Data and Information Networks) project and is jointly funded by a BAE Systems and EPSRC (UK Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council) strategic partnership (EP/C548051/1).
Uncontrolled Keywords: disaster management, emergency response
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
Pre-2014 Departments: School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 14 Oct 2016 09:23
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/9253

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