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Linking changes in coal tar NAPL physical properties and compositional chemistry

Linking changes in coal tar NAPL physical properties and compositional chemistry

Wilson, R. D., Briers, H. and Leharne, S. A. (2008) Linking changes in coal tar NAPL physical properties and compositional chemistry. In: Trefry, Michael G., (ed.) Groundwater Quality: Securing Groundwater Quality in Urban and Industrial Environments. IAHS Publication (324). IAHS Press, Wallingford, Oxfordshire, pp. 372-379. ISBN 978-1-901502-79-4

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Abstract

Density, interfacial tension, viscosity, and wetting angle are properties that control coal tar NAPL migration. Analysis of these parameters is not widely available, but we hypothesise they are related to NAPL composition. If so, it could be possible to estimate certain parameters on the basis of simpler compositional analyses. We collected 21 coal tar NAPLs from a former gasworks site in east London, UK, and subjected them to physical and compositional characterisation. We found linear relationships between NAPL density and both surface tension and viscosity. The NAPLs were also subjected to serial dissolution in small batch systems, and became progressively enriched in PAHs and asphaltenes as more soluble species were leached. As dissolution progressed, some of the NAPLs increased in density. In some cases, LNAPLs became sufficiently dense to become DNAPLs. However, at a certain weight fraction, the asphaltenes precipitated out of the NAPL. This resulted in a sharp drop in NAPL density – in some cases lower than their starting density. Correlations between asphaltene content and density, surface tension and viscosity show that simple chemical analyses can give an indication of NAPL mobility, which should allow for better risk assessment and optimisation of free-phase recovery.

Item Type: Book Section
Additional Information: [1] Published in Groundwater Quality: Securing Groundwater Quality in Urban and Industrial Environments (Proc. 6th International Groundwater Quality Conference held in Fremantle, Western Australia, December 2007), IAHS Publication. 324, 2008, pp. 372–379. Selected and reviewed papers from GQ07. [2] IAHS Publication, Series ISSN 0144-7815.
Uncontrolled Keywords: coal tar, Nonaqueous Phase Liquids, (NAPLs), Polynuclear Aromatic Hydrocarbons, (PAHs), Light Nonaqueous Phase Liquids, (LNAPLs), Dense Nonaqueous Phase Liquids, (DNAPLs), asphaltenes
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science > Department of Pharmaceutical, Chemical & Environmental Sciences
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 09 Dec 2016 14:27
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/9210

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