Skip navigation

Functional income distribution and aggregate demand in the Euro area

Functional income distribution and aggregate demand in the Euro area

Stockhammer, Engelbert, Onaran, Özlem ORCID: 0000-0002-6345-9922 and Ederer, Stefan (2009) Functional income distribution and aggregate demand in the Euro area. Cambridge Journal of Economics, 33 (1). pp. 139-159. ISSN 0309-166X (doi:

Full text not available from this repository.


An increase in the wage share has contradictory effects on the subaggregates of aggregate demand. Private consumption expenditures ought to increase because wage incomes typically are associated with higher consumption propensities than capital incomes. Investment expenditures ought to be negatively affected because investment will positively depend on profits. Net exports will be negatively affected because an increase in the wage share corresponds to an increase in unit labour costs and thus a loss in competitiveness. Therefore, theoretically, aggregate demand can be either wage-led or profit-led depending on how these effects add up. The results will crucially depend on how open the economy is internationally. The paper estimates a post-Kaleckian macro model incorporating these effects for the Euro area and finds that the Euro area is presently in a wage-led demand regime. Implications for wage policies are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: [1] First published online: July 14, 2008. [2] ISSN 0309-166X (Print), ISSN 1464-3545 (Online).
Uncontrolled Keywords: distribution, demand, investment, consumption, foreign trade, macroeconomics, Keynesian economics,
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
Pre-2014 Departments: School of Business
School of Business > Greenwich Political Economy Research Centre (GPERC)
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2017 17:23

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item