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Motorcyclists’ and car drivers’ responses to hazards

Motorcyclists’ and car drivers’ responses to hazards

Shahar, Amit, Poulter, Damian ORCID: 0000-0003-2521-5959, Clarke, David and Crundall, David (2010) Motorcyclists’ and car drivers’ responses to hazards. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 13 (4). pp. 243-254. ISSN 1369-8478 (Print), 1873-5517 (Online) (doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trf.2010.04.008)

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Abstract

This study assessed the degree to which hazardous vignettes are perceived as dangerous and realistic by car drivers and motorcycle riders (Exp. 1) and whether riders could be distinguished from drivers on their performance in a commercial motorcycle simulator during safe and hazardous riding situations using the same hazards (Exp. 2). In Experiment 1, car drivers and motorcyclists received a questionnaire which consisted of short descriptions of the scenarios used in the simulator. Half of the car drivers and half of the motorcyclists were told to imagine they were driving a car through the scenario. The other halves were told to imagine they were riding a motorcycle. Respondents with the mindset of a motorcyclist rated the scenarios as more realistic than respondents with a car driver’s mindset. Real-life riders however reported the scenarios as more dangerous than real-life drivers, suggesting that their specific motorcycle experience influenced their criterion for danger. In Experiment 2, naïve participants navigated a simulated route with the same hazards. Performance was coded on objective (e.g., crashes) and subjective (e.g., riding safety and skill) criteria. Experiential differences on some of the measures (and the absence of such differences on other measures) suggest that the simulator is useful for distinguishing riders from drivers during safe periods of riding but not necessarily during hazardous periods of riding. The implications of why hazard vignettes discriminate but the same simulated hazards do not are discussed, with emphasis on the crucial elements required to design a successful simulated hazard.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: driving, perception, motorbike, motorcycle, simulator
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Pre-2014 Departments: School of Health & Social Care
School of Health & Social Care > Department of Psychology & Counselling
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 14 Oct 2016 09:22
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/8857

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