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‘Individualism-collectivism’ as an explanatory device for mental illness stigma

‘Individualism-collectivism’ as an explanatory device for mental illness stigma

Papadopoulos, Chris, Foster, John ORCID: 0000-0002-7662-8203 and Caldwell, Kay (2012) ‘Individualism-collectivism’ as an explanatory device for mental illness stigma. Community Mental Health Journal, 49 (3). pp. 270-280. ISSN 0010-3853 (Print), 1573-2789 (Online) (doi:

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The aim of this study is investigate whether the cross-cultural value paradigm ‘individualism-collectivism’ is a useful explanatory model for mental illness stigma on a cultural level. Using snowball sampling, a quantitative questionnaire survey of 305 individuals from four UK-based cultural groups (white-English, American, Greek/Greek Cypriot, and Chinese) was carried out. The questionnaire included the ‘Community Attitudes to Mental Illness scale’ and the ‘vertical-horizontal individualism-collectivism scale’. The results revealed that the more stigmatizing a culture’s mental illness attitudes are, the more likely collectivism effectively explains these attitudes. In contrast, the more positive a culture’s mental illness attitudes, the more likely individualism effectively explains attitudes. We conclude that a consideration of the individualism-collectivism paradigm should be included in any future research aiming to provide a holistic understanding of the causes of mental illness stigma, particularly when the cultures stigmatization levels are particularly high or low.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: [1] Published online ahead of print: 27 July 2012. [2] Published as: Community Mental Health Journal, (2012), Individualism-collectivism as an explanatory device for mental illness stigma.
Uncontrolled Keywords: stigma, mental illness, attitudes, individualism, collectivism, culture
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
H Social Sciences > HT Communities. Classes. Races
Pre-2014 Departments: School of Health & Social Care
School of Health & Social Care > Family Care & Mental Health Department
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Last Modified: 14 Oct 2016 09:22

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