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Facial image comparison

Facial image comparison

Davis, Josh P. ORCID: 0000-0003-0017-7159, Valentine, Tim and Wilkinson, Caroline (2012) Facial image comparison. In: Wilkinson, Caroline and Rynn, Christopher, (eds.) Craniofacial Identification. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, pp. 136-153. ISBN 9780521768627

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In this chapter, the problems associated with the individualisation of people depicted in photographic forensic evidence such as closed circuit television (CCTV) images are described. Evidence of this type may be presented in court and, even with highquality images, human identification of unfamiliar faces has been shown to be unreliable. Therefore, facial image comparison or mapping techniques have been developed. These have been used by expert witnesses providing opinion testimony as to whether two images depict the same person or not. With photographic video superimposition, one image is superimposed over a second so that a series of visual tests can detect differences or similarities in facial features. With morphological comparison analysis facial features are classified into discrete categories, providing an indication of whether these are similar across images. Finally, with photo-anthropometry the proportional distances and sometimes the angles between facial landmarks are calculated and compared. Recent research using each technique is described, and the difficulties associated with their application in forensic settings evaluated. As present, no method provides certainty of identification and great care should be taken if presented in court to obtain a conviction without substantiating alternative evidence.

Item Type: Book Section
Additional Information: [1] This item is Chapter 12, in Part I: Identification of the Living.
Uncontrolled Keywords: facial identification, face mapping, facial comparison, morphological comparison analysis, anthropometric analysis, superimposition
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GN Anthropology
Q Science > QP Physiology
Pre-2014 Departments: School of Health & Social Care
School of Health & Social Care > Department of Psychology & Counselling
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Last Modified: 14 Oct 2016 09:21

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