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Modelling CO2 capture with a solid sorbent in a carbonation/calcination loop

Modelling CO2 capture with a solid sorbent in a carbonation/calcination loop

Molaei, M., Patel, M.K. and Pericleous, K. ORCID: 0000-0002-7426-9999 (2009) Modelling CO2 capture with a solid sorbent in a carbonation/calcination loop. In: Modelling and Simulationÿ. ACTA Press, Calgary, AB Canada T3E 7J9. ISBN 978-0-88986-798-7 (paperback)

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Abstract

An efficient way of reducing the effect of coal-fired power plants on greenhouse gases is based on the separation of CO2 from combustion gases with the use of lime as an effective high temperature CO2 sorbent to form the carbonate CaCO3. This work examines the performance and factors affecting the efficiency of the carbonation process with the aid of a 1-D system model. A rapid chemical reaction period takes place initially which then slows down to saturation. The product layer is governed by diffusion inside the particle in the second stage, controlling the speed of reaction. Hydration of CaO in steam is seen to be more effective than dry carbonation but it requires an additional reactor, a steam generation system and a larger temperature range.

Item Type: Conference Proceedings
Title of Proceedings: Modelling and Simulationÿ
Additional Information: Paper published in Proceedings of the IASTED International Conference on Modelling and Simulation (MS 2009)located in Banff, Alberta, Canada between June 7 – August 7, 2009. R.S. Alhajj (Editor) under section headed 'Numerical Methods in Modelling' item number 670-076. Available on CD ISBN (CD): 978-0-88986-799-4.
Uncontrolled Keywords: carbonation, mathematical modelling, CO2 capture, solid sorbent
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics
Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
Pre-2014 Departments: School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences
School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences > Department of Mathematical Sciences
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 02 Mar 2019 15:52
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/7834

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