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Bisdesmosidic saponins from Securidaca longepedunculata roots: Evaluation of deterrency and toxicity to coleopteran storage pests

Bisdesmosidic saponins from Securidaca longepedunculata roots: Evaluation of deterrency and toxicity to coleopteran storage pests

Stevenson, Philip C. ORCID: 0000-0002-0736-3619, Dayarathna, Thamara K., Belmain, Steven R. ORCID: 0000-0002-5590-7545 and Veitch, Nigel C. (2009) Bisdesmosidic saponins from Securidaca longepedunculata roots: Evaluation of deterrency and toxicity to coleopteran storage pests. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 57 (19). pp. 8860-8867. ISSN 0021-8561 (Print), 1520-5118 (Online) (doi:https://doi.org/10.1021/jf901599j)

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Abstract

Powdered dry root bark of Securidaca longepedunculata was mixed with maize and cowpea and effectively reduced the numbers of Sitophilus zeamais and Callosobruchus maculatus emerging from these commodities, respectively, more than 9 months after treatment. This effect was reciprocated in grain treated with a methanol extract of the root bark, indicating that compounds were present that were oviposition deterrents or directly toxic to the adults or larvae. Two new bisdesmosidic saponins, 3-O-β-d-glucopyranosyl-28-O-(α-l-arabinopyranosyl-(1 → 3)-β-d-xylopyranosyl-(1 → 4)[β-d-apiofuranosyl-(1 → 3)]-α-l-rhamnopyranosyl-(1 → 2)-[4-O-(4-methoxycinnamoyl-β-d-fucopyranosyl)])-medicagenic acid (securidacaside A) and 3-O-β-d-glucopyranosyl-28-O-(α-l-arabinopyranosyl-(1 → 3)-β-d-xylopyranosyl-(1 → 4)[β-d-apiofuranosyl-(1 → 3)]-α-l-rhamnopyranosyl-(1 → 2)-[4-O-(3,4,5-trimethoxy-(E)-cinnamoyl-β-d-fucopyranosyl)])-medicagenic acid (securidacaside B), were isolated from the methanol extract of the roots of S. longepedunculata and characterized by spectroscopic methods. Securidacaside A, which occurred as (E)- and (Z)-regioisomers, showed deterrency and toxicity toward C. maculatus and S. zeamais and could contribute to the biological activity of the methanol extract. The potential to optimize the use of this plant for stored product protection using water extracts, which would be appropriate technology for target farmers, is discussed.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: [1] Published online: September 21, 2009. [2] Published in print: October 14, 2009. [3] Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 2009, Vol. 57 (19), pp. 8860–8867.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Securidaca, saponins, oviposition deterrent, Sitophilus, Callosobruchus, bruchid
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
S Agriculture > SB Plant culture
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute > Agriculture, Health & Environment Department
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 03 Jul 2013 15:59
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/7756

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