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Machine learning-based diabetes risk prediction using associated behavioral features

Machine learning-based diabetes risk prediction using associated behavioral features

Ibitoye, Ayodeji O. J. ORCID: 0000-0002-5631-8507 , Akinyemi, Joseph D. ORCID: 0000-0003-3121-4231 and Onifade, Olufade F. W. ORCID: 0000-0003-4965-5430 (2024) Machine learning-based diabetes risk prediction using associated behavioral features. Computing Open, 2:2450006. ISSN 2972-3701 (doi:

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Diabetes is a global health concern that affects people of all races. With different uncertainties in human lifestyles, it is difficult to predict diabetes while assuming that the risk patterns are the same for all. The likelihood of diabetes in a patient is mostly predicted using machine learning (ML) models on features explicitly available in datasets, while the intrinsic relationship between features viz-a-viz their potential relevance to the presence of diabetes is oftentimes neglected. In this work, we explored feature importance and correlation to derive the top 15 feature pairs from a dataset of 263,882 samples of anonymized patient information. These top-15 feature pairs were fed into five different ML models (decision tree (DT), neural networks (NN), random forest (RF), support vector machine (SVM) and extreme gradient boosting (XGB)) for predicting the likelihood of diabetes, while also feeding the direct features (without correlated pairing) separately into the same 5 ML models. The models’ performances were evaluated using accuracy, precision, recall and F1-score and NN presented the best performance overall achieving an F1-score of 85% for the correlated feature pairs (CF) and 75% for the direct feature pairs. The results confirm the importance of the correlation/relationship between features in predicting the likelihood of diabetes in patients more accurately.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: diabetes; machine learning; risk prediction; paired relationship; decision support
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Faculty / School / Research Centre / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences (CMS)
Last Modified: 05 Jul 2024 09:05

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