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Surrogate brands – the pull to adopt an 'other' nation, via sports merchandise

Surrogate brands – the pull to adopt an 'other' nation, via sports merchandise

Wilson, Jonathan A.J. and Liu, Jonathan (2012) Surrogate brands – the pull to adopt an 'other' nation, via sports merchandise. International Journal of Sport Management and Marketing (IJSMM), 11 (3/4). pp. 172-192. ISSN 1475-8962 (Print), 1740-2808 (Online) (doi:

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This conceptual paper draws from phenomenological inductive reasoning and syllogisms, as a basis for conceptual metaphor theory and critical discourse analysis. It highlights a global phenomenon – which transcends national and cultural boundaries. De facto: sports participation and support necessitate that uniforms distinguish and identify associated parties. As a basic premise, uniform ownership suggests exclusivity and encouraged competition. However, now branded kit, teams, athletes and sponsors are entering symbiotic brand relationships – where they actively seek publics, open to multiple adopted national global identities. Significantly, consumers are choosing to wear sporting merchandise, from an 'other' nation, or region – whom they have no primary affiliation with. Rather, they are governed by a sharing of emotional and psychographic criteria, housed within a complex network of ascribed meaning towards brands. In short, sports uniform no longer demands restrictive monogamous loyalty. This draws consumers towards embracing temporal identities, culminating in an adopted national identity – termed surrogacy.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: [1] Online Date Monday, June 04, 2012
Uncontrolled Keywords: international branding, nation branding, sports branding, national identity, brand extensions, brand stakeholders, cultural branding, surrogacy, multiculturalism, cross-culture, surrogate brands, conceptual metaphor theory, critical discourse analysis, brand relationships, sporting merchandise, sports uniform, sports kit
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HF Commerce
Faculty / School / Research Centre / Research Group: Faculty of Business > Department of Marketing, Events & Tourism
Faculty of Business
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 16 Oct 2016 15:22

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