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Antimicrobial resistance and molecular characteristics of Neisseria gonorrhoea isolates in Ghana

Antimicrobial resistance and molecular characteristics of Neisseria gonorrhoea isolates in Ghana

Musah, Haris Sualeh, Addy, Francis and Dufailu, Osman ORCID: 0000-0002-8291-9832 (2024) Antimicrobial resistance and molecular characteristics of Neisseria gonorrhoea isolates in Ghana. Access Microbiology, 6 (2). pp. 1-10. ISSN 2516-8290 (Online) (doi:

46280_DUFAILU_ Antimicrobial_resistance_and_molecular_characteristics_of_Neisseria_gonorrhoea_isolates_in_Ghana.pdf - Published Version
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Introduction. Gonorrhoea is a disease associated with humans and caused by Neisseria gonorrhoea. N. gonorrhoea’s ability to evolve and evade various treatment regimens can lead to untreatable gonorrhoea. In the absence of a viable vaccine and a national database on the antimicrobial resistance (AMR) and molecular characteristics of N. gonorrhoea, and with reliance on a syndromic management regime, continuous national antimicrobial resistance surveillance and molecular characterization of N. gonorrhoea remain imperative. Only two gonococcal studies have described N. gonorrhoea’s molecular characteristics linked to AMR in Ghana.
Methods. Secondary N. gonorrhoea isolates (n=4) were collected from two metropolises in Ghana: Tamale in the northern sector (n=1) and Accra in the southern sector (n=3). The isolates were confirmed and characterized using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) targeting the porB and tbpB genes, and the disc diffusion method was used to evaluate AMR. N. gonorrhoea multi-antigen sequence typing (NG-MAST) and porin B (porB) gene sequence analyses were employed to reveal the molecular epidemiology and evolutionary trajectory, respectively.
Results. All four isolates showed resistance to at least four of the tested antibiotics. One isolate showed resistance to all seven antibiotics, i.e. ceftriaxone, azithromycin, ciprofloxacin, tetracycline, erythromycin, togamycin and penicillin. NG-MAST typing revealed isolate S3 (MZ313864) as ST211. The locus of S2 (MZ313863) (transferrin-binding protein B; tbpB) was identified as tbpB1844, and its porB locus, as porB6412, with only 4 closely related variants but with 15 nucleotide differences. However, its sequence type does not exist. The porB analysis identified isolate S3 (MZ313864) to be found globally, while S2 (MZ313863) is unique to this study.
Discussion. Despite the small number of isolates tested, this study recorded multidrug resistance and previously unknown gonococcal variants based on porB gene. Additionally, the molecular typing schemes revealed a disparity between NG-MAST and the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) platforms. There is a need for continuous gonococcal AMR and molecular surveillance in Ghana to contribute to the global efforts to describe circulating strains and support proper application of the syndromic management regime to gonorrhoea.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: N. gonorrhoea; antimicrobial resistance; molecular characterization; Ghana
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Faculty / School / Research Centre / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > School of Science (SCI)
Last Modified: 15 Mar 2024 08:54

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