Skip navigation

Examining parking choices of connected and Autonomous Vehicles

Examining parking choices of connected and Autonomous Vehicles

Singh, Mohit Kumar ORCID: 0000-0001-7736-5583 , Haouari, Rajae, Papazikou, Evita, Sha, Hua, Quddus, Mohammed, Chaudhry, Amna, Thomas, Pete and Morris, Andrew (2023) Examining parking choices of connected and Autonomous Vehicles. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, 2677 (11). pp. 589-601. ISSN 0361-1981 (Print), 2169-4052 (Online) (doi:

46266_SINGH_Examining_parking_choices_of_connected_and_Autonomous_Vehicles.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (3MB) | Preview


Raising parking charges is a measure that restricts the use of private vehicles. With the introduction of connected and autonomous vehicles (CAVs), the demand for parking has the potential to reduce as CAVs may not park at ‘pay to park’ areas as they are able to “cruise” or return home. However, it might not be financially feasible for them to return to their origin if the destination region is far away. Therefore, the question is: how could we develop parking policies in the CAVs era? To determine the best parking strategy for CAVs, four scenarios were tested in this paper: (i) enter and park within the destination area, (ii) enter, drop off, and return to the origin, (iii) enter, drop off, and return to outside parking and (iv) enter and drive around. Since real-world parking demand data for CAVs are not available, a simulation model of the road network in Santander (Spain) was employed to collect data on both CAV operations (e.g., conservative versus aggressive behaviors) and parking choices. Multinomial logistic regression model was used to identify the best parking option for CAVs. Performance indicators such as traffic, emissions, and safety were employed to compare the performance of a range of parking alternatives. It was found that the balanced scenario (i.e., combination of all parking choices) performs better with the greatest change in delay (around 32%). With 100% CAV market penetration, traffic crashes were reduced by 67%. This study will help local authorities formulate parking policies so that CAVs can park efficiently.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: operations; automated; connected; vehicles; planning and analysis; parking rationing/management
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
H Social Sciences > HE Transportation and Communications
Q Science > QA Mathematics
Faculty / School / Research Centre / Research Group: Faculty of Business
Last Modified: 26 Mar 2024 09:38

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics