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Volatile organic compounds associated with neonectria ditissima infection in apples (Malus pumila cv Gala)

Volatile organic compounds associated with neonectria ditissima infection in apples (Malus pumila cv Gala)

Yaji, Asoo, Harte, Steven ORCID: 0000-0001-9628-7912 , Goodall, Iain and Colgan, Richard ORCID: 0000-0002-0653-5845 (2023) Volatile organic compounds associated with neonectria ditissima infection in apples (Malus pumila cv Gala). In: 12th International Congress of Plant Pathology, 20th - 25th Aug, 2023, Lyon, France.

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45901_HARTE_ Volatile_organic_compounds_associated_with_neonectria_ditissima_infection_in_apples_ICPP2023_Final-program.pdf - Other

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45901_HARTE_ Volatile_organic_compounds_associated_with_neonectria_ditissima_infection_in_apples_Presentation.pdf - Presentation

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Postharvest diseases in apples during long term storage result in loss and waste. This is mainly caused by fungal pathogens. Fungal contamination and rot can change some of the volatile organic compounds (VOC) emitted by apple fruits. In this study, disease free Gala apples were inoculated with Neonectria ditissima. The aim was to identify VOCs associated with N. ditissima infection in gala apples. The inoculated apples were placed in 5L glass flask, sealed, and incubated at 20oC for one hour after which a charcoal filtered airflow of 1 L/min was maintained for one hour through the Volatile Capture Trap (VCT) with volatile emissions captured on a porapak-Q absorbent filter. Captured volatiles were eluted using 1 mL of dichloromethane (DCM) into a standard Agilent 1.5 mL HPLC vial. Eluted volatiles were analysed using Gas Chromatography coupled with Mass Spectrometry (GC/MS). Volatiles were capture in three replicates for both inoculated and healthy control groups at 2 days, 8 days, 14 days, 21 days, 28 days, 35 days, and 42 days post-inoculation. The N. ditissima discriminatory volatile were identified/discriminated qualitatively based on the unique volatile compounds detected and quantitatively based on variation in peak area of certain combinations of volatile compounds. Some of the discriminatory volatiles such as dodecyl hexanoate, 9-decen-1-yl hexanoate, hexyl butanoate and pentyl acetate were detected in the early stages of the infection. Styrene, terpinene-4-ol, ethyl hexanoate, ethyl butanoate, ethyl pentanoate and 2-methylpentyl formate constituted the main VOCs emitted during apple fruit decay. Other compounds such as alpha Farnesene and hexyl acetate were common to both healthy and inoculated apples but the peak areas in the healthy apples were well above the peak areas in the inoculated apples. However, these compounds expressed a decline in peak area over time. Apples are stored commercially in sealed stores for months making visual observation for early detection of disease almost impossible. Disease of stored apples are most times only detected at advanced stages when it has become nearly impossible to prevent losses. These discriminatory volatile metabolites detected at early stages of infection are important for early non-visual detection of N. ditissima in stored apples. Further research is recommended to the use of these compounds in early detection of the disease caused by N. ditissima.

Item Type: Conference or Conference Paper (Poster)
Uncontrolled Keywords: apples; fungi; pathogen; secondary metabolites
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Faculty / School / Research Centre / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute > Agriculture, Health & Environment Department
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute > Chemical Ecology Research Group
Last Modified: 16 Feb 2024 08:49

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