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Selection of study sites and participants for research into Nepal’s Federal Health System

Selection of study sites and participants for research into Nepal’s Federal Health System

Wasti, Sharada Prasad ORCID: 0000-0001-8833-7801 , van Teijlingen, Edwin, Simkhada, Padam, Rushton, Simon, Balen, Julie, Subedi, Madhusudan, Karki, Jiban, Adhikary, Pratik, Sapkota, Sujata, Gautam, Sujan, Marahatta, Sujan, Panday, Sarita, Bajracharya, Bikesh and Vaidya, Anju (2023) Selection of study sites and participants for research into Nepal’s Federal Health System. WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health, 12 (2). pp. 116-119. ISSN 2224-3151 (Print), 2304-5272 (Online) (doi:

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This article offers insights into the process of selecting representative study sites and participants in a longitudinal study in Nepal. As part of the research design process, the selection of representative areas in a large-scale study requires both intellectual and practical considerations.
We briefly introduce our study into the impact of federalization on Nepal’s health system before outlining the criteria considered for the identification of fieldwork sites and the most appropriate study participants for the qualitative interviews and participatory components of this research.
The selected areas are presented with an overview of the areas selected and their justification. The study sites and participants should consider a broader coverage with diverse participants’ backgrounds. Several factors can influence the identification and recruitment of the right participants, including the use of appropriate gatekeepers, gaining access to recruit participants, logistical challenges, and participant follow-up.
We conclude that longitudinal qualitative research requires a carefully selected diverse set of study sites and participants to assess the complexities and dynamics of the health system and service provision to ensure that longitudinal research is representative and effective in addressing the research question(s) being investigated.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: federalization; longitudinal study; Nepal; qualitative research; site and participant selection
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
Faculty / School / Research Centre / Research Group: Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences
Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences > School of Human Sciences (HUM)
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Last Modified: 29 Jan 2024 15:55

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