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Exosomes in the diagnosis and treatment of renal cell cancer

Exosomes in the diagnosis and treatment of renal cell cancer

Boussios, Stergios, Devo, Perry, Rassy, Elie and Ovsepian, Saak (2023) Exosomes in the diagnosis and treatment of renal cell cancer. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 24 (18):14356. pp. 1-23. ISSN 1661-6596 (Print), 1422-0067 (Online) (doi:

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Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is the most prevalent type of kidney cancer originating from renal tubular epithelial cells, with clear cell RCC comprising approximately 80% of cases. The primary treatment modalities for RCC are surgery and targeted therapy, albeit with suboptimal efficacies. Despite progress in RCC research, significant challenges persist, including advanced distant metastasis, delayed diagnosis, and drug resistance. Growing evidence suggests that extracellular vesicles (EVs) play a pivotal role in multiple aspects of RCC, including tumorigenesis, metastasis, immune evasion, and drug response. These membrane-bound vesicles are released into the extracellular environment by nearly all cell types and are capable of transferring various bioactive molecules, including RNA, DNA, proteins, and lipids, aiding intercellular communication. The molecular cargo carried by EVs renders them an attractive resource for biomarker identification, while their multifarious role in the RCC offers opportunities for diagnosis and targeted interventions, including EV-based therapies. As the most versatile type of EVs, exosomes have attracted much attention as nanocarriers of biologicals, with multi-range signaling effects. Despite the growing interest in exosomes, there is currently no widely accepted consensus on their subtypes and properties. The emerging heterogeneity of exosomes presents both methodological challenges and exciting opportunities for diagnostic and clinical interventions. This article reviews the characteristics and functions of exosomes, with a particular reference to the recent advances in their application to the diagnosis and treatment of RCC.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article belongs to the Special Issue Exosomes and Non-coding RNA Research in Health and Disease.
Uncontrolled Keywords: renal cell cancer; exosomes; tumor microenvironment; mRNA; miRNA; tumor drug resistance
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0254 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology (including Cancer)
Faculty / School / Research Centre / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > School of Science (SCI)
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 15 Jan 2024 13:44

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