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Working memory capacity and strategy use in single and dual-tasks

Working memory capacity and strategy use in single and dual-tasks

Collin, Victoria, Patchay, Sandhiran ORCID: 0000-0002-7013-8940 and Thompson, Trevor ORCID: 0000-0001-9880-782X (2010) Working memory capacity and strategy use in single and dual-tasks. In: 27th BPS Cognitive Psychology Section Annual Conference 2010, 6-8 Sep 2010, Cardiff University, Wales, UK.

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Research Objectives: A preliminary study (Collin, Patchay & Thompson, 2009) showed that strategy training could improve memory performance in single-tasks, but not in dual-tasks. Here the influence of working memory capacity (WMC) on the impact of strategy use on memory performance in single and dual-tasks is examined. In line with previous findings, it is hypothesised that participants with higher WMC will benefit from strategy use and perform better in both single and dual tasking.

Participants completed a memory task and a secondary auditory discrimination task independently and together in a dual-task. They were divided into high and low WMC groups and received training in memory strategies (imagery/association). The number of words recalled on a word list and reaction time on the auditory discrimination task were measured pre- and post-strategy training.

Results/Conclusion: In general, performance was better post strategy training. Interestingly, on average the low span group performed better (not all significantly different) on both tasks in single and dual tasking post strategy training. It is suggested that regardless of capacity, strategies impact on performance and could even compensate for reduced WMC.

Item Type: Conference or Conference Paper (Poster)
Additional Information: [1] This poster (P04) was presented at the 27th British Psychological Society (BPS) Cognitive Psychology Section Annual Conference held from 6-8 September 2010 in Cardiff, UK.
Uncontrolled Keywords: memory, working memory capacity, strategy, single task, dual task
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Pre-2014 Departments: School of Health & Social Care
School of Health & Social Care > Department of Psychology & Counselling
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Last Modified: 14 Oct 2016 09:11

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