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Attentional bias for positive words and negative facial expressions revealed in an emotional Stroop paradigm using concurrent stimulus and target

Attentional bias for positive words and negative facial expressions revealed in an emotional Stroop paradigm using concurrent stimulus and target

Jalaf, U. and Patchay, S. ORCID: 0000-0002-7013-8940 (2009) Attentional bias for positive words and negative facial expressions revealed in an emotional Stroop paradigm using concurrent stimulus and target. In: Cognitive Psychology Section Annual Conference 2009, 1-3 Sep 2009, University of Hertfordshire, Hatfield, Hertfordshire, UK.

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Abstract

Research objectives: Attentional bias to emotional words and faces in trait anxiety was examined in an emotional Stroop paradigm where stimulus and target were concurrent and adjacent. A bias was expected for both negative and positive words and faces, with a greater interference in higher trait anxiety.

Design: Repeated-measures were used in a word and face emotional Stroop tasks to examine bias for emotion-laden relative to neutral stimuli.

Method: Participants were placed in low (n=20) and high (n=20) trait anxiety groups based on a median split of STAI-T scores. They were shown positive-valenced, negative-valenced and neutral words, and happy, sad and neutral facial expressions. Response times to name the background colour (target) of the words and faces (stimuli) were measured.

Results: No difference between the groups was found. Response times were slower for positive words and sad faces.

Conclusions: Interference also operates when emotional stimulus and target are presented concurrently in adjacent locations.

Item Type: Conference or Conference Paper (Poster)
Additional Information: [1] This poster was presented at the British Psychological Society (BPS) Cognitive Psychology Section Annual Conference held from 1-3 September 2009 in Hertfordshire, UK.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Stroop, facial expression, attentional bias, emotion
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Pre-2014 Departments: School of Health & Social Care
School of Health & Social Care > Department of Psychology & Counselling
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 14 Oct 2016 09:11
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/4517

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