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Nutrition in Chronic Conditions

Nutrition in Chronic Conditions

Ojo, Omorogieva ORCID: 0000-0003-0071-3652 and Adegboye, Amanda Rodrigues Amorim ORCID: 0000-0003-2780-0350 (eds.) (2023) Nutrition in Chronic Conditions. MDPI. ISBN 978-3-0365-7132-4

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The effects of nutrition on chronic conditions, such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, dementia and stroke, continue to generate interest among researchers. This is based on the fact that diet is a modifiable risk factor for these diseases, which manifest either as single entities or in co-morbid states in individuals and populations around the world. In particular, the prevalence of diabetes and cardiovascular disease is on the increase, especially in developed countries, but also in developing economies, partly due to lifestyle changes, including diet. For example, ischaemic heart disease is the leading cause of death globally. When combined with stroke, they accounted for 15 million deaths in 2015 and are the world’s greatest killers (WHO, 2017). Furthermore, WHO (2016) reported that there were an estimated 422 million adults living with diabetes in 2014. This is significantly higher than the 108 million in 1980, representing a rise in worldwide diabetes prevalence from 4.7% in 1980 to 8.5% in 2014 among the adult population. These chronic conditions and their associated complications have significant implications for morbidity and mortality, not to mention huge costs to the health services around the world. The composition of the diet, the proportion and types of macronutrients and micronutrients present in the diet are major contributors to these diseases. In addition, the beneficial effects of nutritional interventions have been well documented although differences remain among researchers with respect to their overall impact. The evaluation of the role of nutrition in chronic conditions draws on its effect on body weight and body composition, glycaemic and insulin excursions and vascular remodelling. The effect of the diet in modulating gut microbiota dysbiosis is also an evolving area of research. Therefore, this Special Issue Book on “Nutrition and Chronic Conditions” is aimed at examining the effect of nutrition in the development, care and management of chronic conditions.

Item Type: Edited Book
Uncontrolled Keywords: Nutrition; Chronic conditions; Co-morbidities; Gut microbiota; Diabetes; Cardiovascular disease; Stroke
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Faculty / School / Research Centre / Research Group: Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences
Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences > Institute for Lifecourse Development
Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences > Institute for Lifecourse Development > Centre for Chronic Illness and Ageing
Last Modified: 26 Apr 2023 13:20

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