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Liberalisation in network industries

Liberalisation in network industries

Flacher, David, Jennequin, Hugues and Ugur, Mehmet (2009) Liberalisation in network industries. In: Frangakis, Marica, Hermann, Christoph, Huffschmid, Jörg and Lóránt, Károly, (eds.) Privatisation against the European Social Model: A Critique of European Policies and Proposals for Alternatives. Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke, UK, pp. 112-128. ISBN 9780230224094 (hbk)

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Abstract

In this chapter, we aim to establish whether liberalization and accompanying regulatory arrangements have delivered the expected efficiency gains. In section I, we discuss the theoretical issues and demonstrate that ‘marketable’ yet simplistic arguments in favour of liberalization tend to ignore a complex set of issues such as imperfect competition, imperfect information, and second-best consequences that are highly likely to limit or prevent the achievement of efficiency and welfare gains. In section II, we review the empirical findings. We find that the partial evidence in support of the liberalization agenda in the telecommunications and energy sectors is overshadowed by the evidence suggesting that liberalization and regulation have usually failed to deliver the expected efficiency gains. In Section III, we narrow our focus to investment and innovation in the telecommunications and electricity sectors. The evidence here suggests that liberalization may be conducive to incremental innovation/investment in sectors where maintaining market shares and/or mark-ups is a significant concern. However, liberalization has either negative or ambiguous effects on investment in radical breakthroughs, and it does not necessarily lead to optimal investment when compared with public monopolies. Finally, in the conclusion, we summarise the main findings and highlight the implications for the European integration process.

Item Type: Book Section
Additional Information: Chapter 8, in 'Part II Case Studies'.
Uncontrolled Keywords: network industry, liberalisation, efficiency, investment
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
J Political Science > JN Political institutions (Europe)
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Business > Department of International Business & Economics
Faculty of Business > Greenwich Political Economy Research Centre (GPERC)
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 04 Jul 2018 16:35
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/3982

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