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Endogenous modulators of NMDA receptor control dendritic field expansion of cortical neurons

Endogenous modulators of NMDA receptor control dendritic field expansion of cortical neurons

Jorratt, Pascal, Ricny, Jan, Leibold, Christian and Ovsepian, Saak (2022) Endogenous modulators of NMDA receptor control dendritic field expansion of cortical neurons. Molecular Neurobiology. ISSN 0893-7648 (Print), 1559-1182 (Online) (doi:

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Impairments of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) activity have been implicated in several neuropsychiatric disorders, with pharmacological inhibition of NMDAR-mediated currents and associated neurobehavioral changes considered as a model of schizophrenia. We analyzed the effects of brief and long-term exposure of rat cortical cultures to the most prevalent endogenous modulators of NMDAR (kynurenic acid, pregnenolone sulfate, spermidine, and zinc) on neuronal viability, stimulation-induced release of glutamate, and dendritic morphology with synaptic density. Both, glutamate release and neuronal viability studies revealed no difference between the test and control groups. No differences were also observed in the number of dendritic branching and length, or density of synaptic connections and neuronal soma size. Comparison of the extent of dendritic projections and branching patterns, however, revealed enhanced distal arborization with the expansion of the dendritic area under prolonged treatment of cultures with physiological concentrations of NMDAR modulators, with differences reaching significance in spermidine and pregnenolone sulfate tests. Measurements of the density of glutamatergic synapses showed consistency across all neuronal groups, except those treated with pregnenolone sulfate, which showed a reduction of PSD-95-positive elements. Overall, our data suggest that constitutive glutamatergic activity mediated by NMDAR controls the dendritic field expansion and can influence the integrative properties of cortical neurons.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: cortical thinning; dendritic morphology; glutamate release; intrinsic excitability; neuroplasticity; neurosteroids; polyamines; psd95
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Faculty / School / Research Centre / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Biomedical Science Research Group
Faculty of Engineering & Science > School of Science (SCI)
Last Modified: 06 Dec 2022 16:29

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