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The examination of Challenge and Threat states upon eventing performance

The examination of Challenge and Threat states upon eventing performance

Rossato, Claire ORCID: 0000-0003-0306-5435, Jackson, Lara and Boiangin, Nataniel (2022) The examination of Challenge and Threat states upon eventing performance. In: Association of Applied Sport Psychology (AASP) 37th Annual Conference, 26th - 29th October 2022, Fort Worth Convention Center, Fort Worth, USA.

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Challenge and Threat motivational states can be adopted regarding sporting performance and involve affective, cognitive and physiological mechanisms (Meijen, Jones, Sheffield, & McCarthy, 2014; Blascovich & Mendes, 2000). Understanding how these motivational states might change within a sporting event which has various components (Dressage, Show Jumping & Cross Country) maybe important for performance. Twenty-one participants competed in affiliated eventing (BE80 up to advanced) completed self-report measure to capture emotion (Sport Emotion Questionnaire; Jones et al, 2002) ,Challenge and Threat states (Challenge and Threat in Sport Scale, Rossato et al, 2016), Self-Efficacy (Bandura, 2006 & O’Callaghan, 2015), Achievement Goals (Achievement Goal Questionnaire (Elliot & McGregor, 2001), Perceived Control, Mental Effort (Rating Scale of Mental Effort; Zijlsatra, 1993) and Cognitive Appraisal (Cognitive Appraisal Ratio Scale, Tomaka et al, 1992) in order to examine potential influence on performance.
Regression analysis indicated that perceived control predicted dressage performance level (F (1,19) = 4.95, p = .04). The analysis also revealed a negative correlation regarding excitement and dressage performance (r = -.53, p = .01), happiness and dressage performance (r = -.55, p = .01.).
Show Jumping
Positive associations were observed within show jumping regarding the emotions of anger (r = .54, p = .01) and dejection (r = .46, p = .04). Furthermore, a Repeated measures ANOVA revealed that Mastery Approach was significantly higher in Cross-County competition compared to Show Jumping (F (2,40) = 3.9, p = .03).
The results suggest that emotions related to Challenge and Threat have an impact upon Dressage and Show Jumping performance and a mastery approach is adopted within Show Jumping performance at a higher level than Dressage and Cross Country.

Item Type: Conference or Conference Paper (Poster)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Challenge; Threat; appraisal; performance
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GV Recreation Leisure
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
Faculty / School / Research Centre / Research Group: Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences
Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences > School of Human Sciences (HUM)
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 14 Nov 2022 10:18

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