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Comparison of MHD models for aluminium reduction cells

Comparison of MHD models for aluminium reduction cells

Bojarevics, Valdis ORCID: 0000-0002-7326-7748 and Pericleous, Kyriacos A ORCID: 0000-0002-7426-9999 (2006) Comparison of MHD models for aluminium reduction cells. In: Galloway, Travis J., (ed.) Light metals 2006 : Proceedings of the technical sessions presented by the TMS Aluminium Committee at the 135th TMS Annual Meeting, San Antonio, Texas, USA, March 12-16, 2006. TMS, Warrendale, Pennsylvania, USA. ISBN 9780873396196

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The self sustained waves at the aluminium - electrolyte interface, known as 'MHD noise' are observed in most of the commercial cells under certain conditions. The instructive analysis presents how a step by step inclusion of different physical coupling factors is affecting the wave development in the electrolysis cells. Th early theoretical models for wave development do not account for the current distribution at the cathode, instead assuming a uniform current density of Jz at the bottom. When the electric current is computed according to the actual elctrical circuit the growth rate is significantly lower, and if a sufficient dissipation is included, does not lead to instability. The inclusion of the horizontal circulation-generated turbulence is essential in order to explain the small amplitude of self-sustained oscillations. The horizontal circulation vortices create a pressure gradient contributing to the deformation of the interface. The full time dependent model couple the nonlinear dynamics and the extended electromagnetic that covers the whole bus bar circuit and the ferromagnetic effects.

Item Type: Book Section
Additional Information: From the 2006 TMS Annual Meeting, held March 12-16, 2006, in San Antonio, Texas.
Uncontrolled Keywords: magnetohydrodynamics, waves, aluminium electrolysis, numerical modeling,
Pre-2014 Departments: School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences
School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences > Department of Mathematical Sciences
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Last Modified: 27 Apr 2020 22:56

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