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Gebbels, Maria ORCID: 0000-0001-9623-2655 (2022) Personology. In: Buhalis, Dimitrios, (ed.) Encyclopedia of Tourism Management and Marketing. Edward Elgar Publishing, Cheltenham and Camberley, UK ; Northampton, Massachusetts, USA, pp. 1-3. ISBN 978-1800377479 ; 978-1800377486 (doi:

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Personology, the knowledge and the study of a person, is a term coined by Henry A. Murray in the 1930s in personality research. It origin­ated as an approach to personality and personality assessment. He emphasized the importance of studying the whole personality in a life historical context. Therefore, it refers to an in-depth, holistic study of the person (Murray, 1981). It also means analysing how the past, present and future influence their personality. This is a more descriptive, interpretative attempt to understanding lives, rather than an experimental, quantitative examination favoured in behaviourism or trait approaches. Knowledge about a person’s whole life provides details about the internal factors that impact on their behaviour, including their actions, thoughts and social activities.

Item Type: Book Section
Additional Information: New entries will continue to be added to the encyclopedia each month. Once all the entries are online, the option to download them as PDF files will become available.
Uncontrolled Keywords: personality research; hospitality industry; professionalism, career
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GV Recreation Leisure
H Social Sciences > HF Commerce
Faculty / School / Research Centre / Research Group: Faculty of Business
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Last Modified: 24 Nov 2023 11:19

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