Skip navigation

Waste glass-derived tobermorite carriers for Ag+ and Zn2+ Ions

Waste glass-derived tobermorite carriers for Ag+ and Zn2+ Ions

Rahman, Habib, Li, Qiu and Coleman, Nichola (2022) Waste glass-derived tobermorite carriers for Ag+ and Zn2+ Ions. Journal of Composites Science, 6 (2):52. ISSN 2504-477X (Online) (doi:

PDF (Publisher VoR)
35184_COLEMAN_Waste_glass_derived_tobermorite_carriers.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (1MB) | Preview


In this study, the layer-lattice calcium silicate hydrate mineral, tobermorite, was synthesized from waste green or amber container glass and separately ion-exchanged with Ag+ or Zn2+ ions under batch conditions. Hydrothermal treatment of stoichiometrically adjusted mixtures of waste glass and calcium oxide in 4 M NaOH(aq) at 125 °C yielded tobermorite products of ~75% crystallinity with mean silicate chain lengths of 17 units after one week. Maximum uptake of Zn2+ ions, ~0.55 mmol g-1, occurred after 72 h and maximum uptake of Ag+ ions, ~0.59 mmol g-1, was established within 6 h. No significant differences in structure or ion-exchange behavior were observed be-tween the tobermorites derived from either green or amber glass. Composite membranes of the biopolymer, chitosan, incorporating the original or ion-exchanged tobermorite phases were pre-pared by solvent casting and their antimicrobial activities against S. aureus and E. coli were evalu-ated using the Kirby-Bauer assay. S. aureus and E. coli formed biofilms on the surfaces of pure chitosan and chitosan blended with the original tobermorites; whereas, the composites containing Zn2+-substituted tobermorites defended against bacterial colonization. Distinct clear zones were observed around the composites containing Ag+-substituted tobermorites which arose from the migration of the labile Ag+ ions from the lattices. This research has indicated that waste glass-derived tobermorites are functional carriers for antimicrobial ions with potential applications as fillers in polymeric composites to defend against the proliferation and transmission of patho-genic bacteria.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: antimicrobial; chitosan; tobermorite; silver; zinc; ion-exchange; waste glass; recycling
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QD Chemistry
Faculty / School / Research Centre / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > School of Science (SCI)
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 15 Feb 2022 11:57

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics