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Trophic factors as potential therapies for treatment of major mental disorders

Trophic factors as potential therapies for treatment of major mental disorders

Dremencov, Eliyahu ORCID: 0000-0001-8103-8577, Jezova, Daniela, Barak, Segev ORCID: 0000-0002-3143-6777, Gaburjakova, Jana, Gaburjakova, Marta, Kutna, Viera and Ovsepian, Saak V. (2021) Trophic factors as potential therapies for treatment of major mental disorders. Neuroscience Letters, 764:136194. ISSN 0304-3940 (doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neulet.2021.136194)

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Abstract

Notwithstanding major advances in psychotherapeutics, their efficacy and specificity remain limited. The slow onset of beneficial outcomes and numerous adverse effects of widely used medications remain of chief concern, warranting in-depth studies. The majority of frontline therapies are thought to enhance the endogenous monoaminergic drive, to initiate a cascade of molecular events leading to lasting functional and structural plasticity. They also involve alterations in trophic factor signalling, including brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), VGF (non-acronymic), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2), glial cell-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF), and others. In several major mental disorders, emerging data suggest protective and restorative effects of trophic factors in preclinical models, when applied on their own. Antidepressant outcomes of VGF and FGF2, for instance, were shown in experimental animals, while BDNF and GDNF prove useful in the treatment of addiction, schizophrenia, and autism spectrum disorders. The main challenge with the effective translation of these and other findings in the clinic is the knowledge gap in action mechanisms with potential risks, as well as the lack of effective platforms for validation under clinical settings. Herein, we review the state-of-the-art and advances in the therapeutic use of trophic factors in several major neuropsychiatric disorders.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Growth factor; neuropsychiatry; antidepressants; antipsychotics; targeted delivery; polyplex nanoparticles
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Faculty / School / Research Centre / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > School of Science (SCI)
Last Modified: 27 Oct 2021 10:22
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
Selected for REF2021: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/34228

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