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A survey‐based study concerning public comprehension of two‐component EXIT / NO‐EXIT signage concepts

A survey‐based study concerning public comprehension of two‐component EXIT / NO‐EXIT signage concepts

Xie, Hui ORCID: 0000-0003-1019-2168 and Galea, Edwin R. ORCID: 0000-0002-0001-6665 (2021) A survey‐based study concerning public comprehension of two‐component EXIT / NO‐EXIT signage concepts. Fire and Materials. ISSN 0308-0501 (Print), 1099-1018 (Online) (In Press) (doi:https://doi.org/10.1002/fam.3035)

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34049 GALEA_Two-Component_EXIT_NO-EXIT_Signage_Concepts_(AAM)_2021.pdf - Accepted Version
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34049 GALEA_Signage_Comprehension_Survey_(Sup-Info)_2021.pdf - Accepted Version
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Abstract

Emergency signage conveys exit route information enabling occupants to identify and utilise emergency exits during evacuation. However, it has been frequently demonstrated that static signs are insufficient to attract people's attention. Previous incidents also demonstrate that if exit routes and exits become compromised by the incident, static signs are unable to adapt as required. A goal of the signage industry is to address these limitations while maintaining the clear and unambiguous information conveyed. A signage concept addressing these limitations incorporating a pair of linked adjacent signs, a standard EXIT sign and a text-based ‘NO-EXIT’ sign, is proposed. At any one time, only one sign is activated, displaying either EXIT or NO-EXIT. The active sign can also flash to improve detectability. To assess whether this concept was acceptable, an online international survey, based on the ANSI Z535.3 comprehension test methodology was conducted. The results demonstrate that this novel concept fails to meet the acceptance criteria for safety signs, and as a result, the concept was abandoned by the manufacturer. This study also highlights the importance of conducting comprehension tests for any new safety signage design and the need for composing guidelines for design and application of dynamic signs.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: comprehension test, dynamic signage, evacuation, human factors, wayfinding
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics
Faculty / School / Research Centre / Research Group: Faculty of Liberal Arts & Sciences
Faculty of Liberal Arts & Sciences > Centre for Numerical Modelling & Process Analysis (CNMPA)
Faculty of Liberal Arts & Sciences > Centre for Numerical Modelling & Process Analysis (CNMPA) > Fire Safety Engineering Group (FSEG)
Faculty of Liberal Arts & Sciences > School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences (CMS)
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2021 23:15
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
Selected for REF2021: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/34049

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