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A systematic review of drivers and constraints on agricultural expansion in sub-Saharan Africa

A systematic review of drivers and constraints on agricultural expansion in sub-Saharan Africa

Jellason, NP, Robinson, EJZ, Chapman, ASA, Neina, D, Devenish, AJM, Po, June ORCID: 0000-0001-6124-8235 and Adolph, B (2021) A systematic review of drivers and constraints on agricultural expansion in sub-Saharan Africa. Land, 10 (3):332. ISSN 2073-445X (Print), 2073-445X (Online) (doi:https://doi.org/10.3390/land10030332)

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Abstract

Understanding the dynamics of agricultural expansion, their drivers, and interactions is critical for biodiversity conservation, ecosystem-services provision, and the future sustainability of agricultural development in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). However, there is limited understanding of the drivers of agricultural expansion. A systematic review of the drivers of agricultural expansion was conducted from 1970 to 2020 using Web of Science, Elsevier Scopus and Google Scholar. Two researchers reviewed the papers separately based on inclusion and exclusion criteria. Fifteen papers were included in the final systematic review. The paper proposed expansion pathways in a conceptual framework and identified proximate and underlying drivers. Population dynamics and government policies were found to be key underlying drivers of agricultural expansion. The proximate drivers include economic opportunities such as agriculture mechanisation and cash crops production, and more troubling trends such as soil fertility decline and climate change and variability. This paper further explores the constraints that have been found to slow down agricultural expansion, including strong land institutions and good governance.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: agricultural expansion; drivers; Sub-Saharan Africa; conservation; constraints
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
H Social Sciences > HE Transportation and Communications
S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Faculty / School / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute > FaNSI - Food Systems for Improved Nutrition
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 08 Sep 2021 08:55
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
Selected for REF2021: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/33799

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