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Beneficial insects are associated with botanically rich margins with trees on small farms

Beneficial insects are associated with botanically rich margins with trees on small farms

Arnold, Sarah E. J. ORCID: 0000-0001-7345-0529, Elisante, Filemon, Mkenda, Prisila A., Tembo, Yolice L. B., Ndakidemi, Patrick A., Gurr, Geoff M., Darbyshire, Iain A., Belmain, Steven R. ORCID: 0000-0002-5590-7545 and Stevenson, Philip C. ORCID: 0000-0002-0736-3619 (2021) Beneficial insects are associated with botanically rich margins with trees on small farms. Scientific reports, 11 (1):15190. ISSN 2045-2322 (doi:https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-94536-3)

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Abstract

Beneficial insect communities on farms are influenced by site- and landscape-level factors, with pollinator and natural enemy populations often associated with semi-natural habitat remnants. They provide ecosystem services essential for all agroecosystems. For smallholders, natural pest regulation may be the only affordable and available option to manage pests. We evaluated the beneficial insect community on smallholder bean farms (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) and its relationship with the plant communities in field margins, including margin trees that are not associated with forest fragments. Using traps, botanical surveys and transect walks, we analysed the relationship between the floral diversity/composition of naturally regenerating field margins, and the beneficial insect abundance/diversity on smallholder farms, and the relationship with crop yield. More flower visits by potential pollinators and increased natural enemy abundance measures in fields with higher plant, and particularly tree, species richness, and these fields also saw improved crop yields. Many of the flower visitors to beans and potential natural enemy guilds also made use of non-crop plants, including pesticidal and medicinal plant species. Selective encouragement of plants delivering multiple benefits to farms can contribute to an ecological intensification approach. However, caution must be employed, as many plants in these systems are introduced species.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: ecosystem services; pollination; predation; parasitism; trees; agroecology; agricultural systems; sustainable development; smallholders
Subjects: Q Science > QK Botany
S Agriculture > SB Plant culture
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 05 Aug 2021 09:51
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
Selected for REF2021: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/33492

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