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Insect pests of lentil and their management

Insect pests of lentil and their management

Stevenson, Philip C. ORCID: 0000-0002-0736-3619, Dhillon, M.K., Sharma, H.C. and El Bouhssini, Mustapha (2007) Insect pests of lentil and their management. In: Yadav, Shyam S., McNeil, David and Stevenson, Philip C. ORCID: 0000-0002-0736-3619, (eds.) The Lentil: An Ancient Crop for Modern Times. Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, pp. 331-348. ISBN 978-1-4020-6312-1 (Print) 978-1-4020-6313-8 (Online) (doi:https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-6313-8 (10.1007/978-1-4020-6313-8_20 for chapter))

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Abstract

Lentil is one of the world’s most important food plants and is particularly so in North Africa and South Asia and parts of North America, Europe and Australia. Consequently the crop is exposed to a broad spectrum of insect species in a wide variety of locations. The management of insect pests of the crop is crucial to optimizing production. The major insect pests of lentil in the field are aphids (Aphis craccivora & Acyrthosiphonpisum), leaf weevils (Sitona spp.), Lygus bugs, (Lygusspp.), and the Cutworm, (Agrotis ipsilon). Several other insect species are considered as minor field pests which are also noteworthy and include Thrips (Thrips, Kakothrips, & Frankiniella), Bud weevils (Apionarrogans), the pea moth, (Cydia nigricana), pod borers, (Helicoverpa armigera & Heliothis spp.), Lima-bean pod borer, (Etiella zinckenella), root aphids (Smynthurodes betae) and leaf miners (Liriomyza spp. and Phytomyza spp.). The most serious and frequently encountered insect pests of the stored grain are Bruchus ervi and B. lentis with Callosobruchus chinensis and C. maculatus also widespread. This chapter describes the morphology, lifecycle and crop damage caused by each of the insects pest species on lentil and provides detailed descriptions of management options for each species with references for each recommended action. For most insect species the use of pesticides is the primary management option. However, for some species, there are known sources of host plant resistance, as well as other integrated pest management options including biological control (e.g., beneficial insect predators and biological pesticides) and cultural practices, that can be used to help manage the pests and where known these are also described.

Item Type: Book Section
Additional Information: Philip C. Stevenson was one of the book's editors (see http://gala.gre.ac.uk/3330/). As well as this contribution (Chapter 20), he also contributed Chapter 4 (Yadav, Shyam S. and Stevenson, Philip C. and Rizvi, A.H. and Manohar, M. and Gailing, S. and Mateljan, G. (2007) Uses and consumption - see http://gala.gre.ac.uk/3335/).
Uncontrolled Keywords: lentil, insect, pest, aphid, leaf weevil, Lygus bugs, Cutworm, Thrips, Bud weevils, pea moth, pod borers, Lima-bean pod borer, root aphids, leaf miners, morphology, lifecycle, crop damage, host plant resistance, pest management, control, beneficial insect predators, pesticides
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
S Agriculture > SB Plant culture
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute > Agriculture, Health & Environment Department
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 11 Nov 2011 12:06
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/3337

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