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The connection between social cohesion and personality: A multilevel study in the Kyrgyz Republic.

The connection between social cohesion and personality: A multilevel study in the Kyrgyz Republic.

Larsen, Mandi M., Esenaliev, Damir, Brück, Tilman ORCID: 0000-0002-8344-8948 and Boehnke, Klaus (2020) The connection between social cohesion and personality: A multilevel study in the Kyrgyz Republic. International Journal of Psychology, 55 (1). pp. 42-51. ISSN 0020-7594 (Print), 1464-066X (Online) (doi:https://doi.org/10.1002/ijop.12551)

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Abstract

As the discourse around societal cohesion grows and policy makers increasingly turn their attention towards improving cohesion, understanding its role for the lives of individuals becomes ever more important. Our study examines whether the social cohesion of the immediate living context is related to the strength of Big Five personality traits among individuals. Using data from a community survey of 6252 adults living in 30 rural sub-districts in the Kyrgyz Republic, where social cohesion is a sizable policy concern, we conduct a multilevel analysis of the relationship between sub-district cohesion and individual personality. Results indicate that higher levels of cohesion are significantly related to higher individual levels of agreeableness, conscientiousness and openness. However, no relationship is found with extraversion or neuroticism. Thus, where a social entity has higher cohesion, this entity will also have inhabitants with a greater prosocial and communal orientation towards others, greater conscientiousness and more openness to experience. These findings imply that social cohesion may be one geographical social indicator related to variation in personality traits. Moreover, the findings suggest that understanding social cohesion requires both macro- and micro-perspectives and that its connection to these particular personality traits should be taken into consideration.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Social cohesion; personality traits; big five; Kyrgyz Republic.
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute
Last Modified: 04 Jul 2021 06:05
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
Selected for REF2021: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/33166

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